تولید سوخت های زیستی از زباله ها

Waste to energy: Production of biofuel from waste to commence in South-west

Petroleum products are a necessity to daily living, especially in Nigeria where power supply is poor. It remains incontrovertible that without adequate supply of these products, life will be quite difficult. YEJIDE GBENGA-OGUNDARE reports that to stop the overdependence on petroleum products, the South-west is set to be the site of a project that is novel to Africa; processing of liquid fuel (biofuel) from waste plastic materials.

In the last few days, the fear of fuel scarcity due to a threat of industrial action by fuel marketers has been hovering like a heavy cloud about to give way to rainstorm on the Nigerian horizon. And this scare continues to be a source of concern to almost everybody irrespective of professional affiliation as the average Nigerian is conscious of the unfriendly effect of fuel scarcity on daily living; long queue at fuel stations, hike in price of petroleum products, panic buying, infiltration of adulterated fuel at black markets as well as skyrocketing price of goods and services amidst other challenges.

Indeed, Nigeria has over the years had a checkered history in terms of fuel supply and prices; scarcity has been a perennial problem in the Nigerian society and the dependence on petroleum products is on an all time high. This over dependence and high demand has led to people especially in the developed societies, seeking for alternatives to the popular fossil fuel which used to be the black gold.

And in the history of Africa, there has not been any major move to produce biofuel from waste. But now, Nigeria is set to blaze the trail as the novel project to create an alternative source to fossil fuel in order to reduce the pressure and high demand for petroleum products that sometimes lead to a shortfall of supply to demand, scarcity and hike in price will the preliminary operations in the South-western part of the country.

The project is the production of biofuel as an alternative to the common petroleum products. And in the next nine months, biofuel will be produced on a commercial scale in Ibadan or Lagos. All over the world, biofuel is gaining great awareness especially in the scientific circle due to certain factors, predominant of which is hike in price of petroleum products. Other factors include increased advocacy for increased energy security and pollution as a result of emission from fossil fuel.

The liquid fuel that will be produced in South-west Nigeria will be processed from plastic wastes that have been found to abound in Nigeria, simply put; liquid fuel will be processed from low grade plastic rich waste products.

The project is the result of collaboration between three organizations; WestAfricaENRG, the company saddled with the responsibility of managing waste in Oyo and Lagos states, Cranfield University in the United Kingdom and Syngas products. This collaborative effort investigates recovering valuable chemicals from plastic containing waste streams through advanced thermal conversion for use as liquid fuels and for use as base chemicals in manufacturing industries while it also proffers a community level solution to waste management.

In the Nigerian community, power supply is unreliable and often, individuals supply their own power through generators and incur huge expenses on fuel as primary source of power generation and WestAfricaENRG has been found to be capable of the advanced thermal treatment to produce high quality liquid fuel as it already has a 280, 000tpa Material Recovery Facility (MRF) in Lagos, the facility is the first MRF in Nigeria.

✅Reference

تولید سوخت های زیستی از زباله ها – اخبار زیست فناوری

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