مقایسه میکرو ارگانیسم ها در مناطق قطبی

Geoscientists compare micro-organisms in the polar regions

Although the Arctic and Antarctic regions are at opposite ends of the earth, they have a similar diversity of bacteria and other microscopic life. These are the findings of an international team of researchers headed by the University of Tübingen, the EMBL Heidelberg and the University of Konstanz. In their study, the team collated data from numerous studies and locations in order to make a direct comparison of the microbial diversity in these two distant regions for the first time. Their results have been published in the open access journal Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution.

The researchers examined the DNA of bacteria from freshwater biofilms from the terrestrial regions of the Arctic and Antarctica using high-throughput sequencing. The two lead authors, Dr. Julia Kleinteich of Tübingen’s Center for Applied Geoscience and Dr. Falk Hildebrand of EMBL Heidelberg, analyzed samples which Julia Kleinteich took at the British Research Station Rothera in Antarctica and at the Norwegian archipelago of Svalbard in the Arctic. “Despite the large great geographical distance, the bacterial diversity partly includes the same species,” the researchers say, “Some micro-organisms therefore have the potential to spread globally, across barriers like oceans.”

The mechanisms for this are not yet clear; it may be that the bacteria spread via the atmosphere or are carried by birds and people. Since these polar micro-organisms partly overlap with samples taken in temperate zones, the bacteria in question are probably “generalists”, which can survive in a wide range of environmental conditions.

But the researchers also found bacteria in their polar samples which only occur in the respective region. “The proportion of them was greater in the isolated Antarctic; this appears to have a partly unique diversity of micro-organisms and is therefore especially worth protecting,” says Kleinteich.

✅Reference

مقایسه میکرو ارگانیسم ها در مناطق قطبی – اخبار زیست فناوری

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